My first-author and collaborative publications.


  1. Reversible Zinc Electrodeposition at −60 \,^∘C Using a Deep Eutectic Electrolyte for Low-Temperature Zinc Metal Batteries
    Hawkins, Brendan E., Schoetz, Theresa,  Gordon, Leo W., Kt, Surabh, Wang, Jonah, and Messinger, Robert J.
    Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters Feb 2023
  2. Revealing impacts of electrolyte speciation on ionic charge storage in aluminum-quinone batteries by NMR spectroscopy
    Gordon, Leo W, Wang, Jonah, and Messinger, Robert J
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Mar 2023


  1. Formation of a CoMn‐Layered Double Hydroxide/Graphite Supercapacitor by a Single Electrochemical Step
    Roy, Atanu, Schoetz, Theresa,  Gordon, Leo W., Yen, Hung‐Ju, Hao, Qingli, and Mandler, Daniel
    ChemSusChem Nov 2022
  2. Molecular-Scale Elucidation of Ionic Charge Storage Mechanisms in Rechargeable Aluminum–Quinone Batteries
    Gordon, Leo W., Jadhav, Ankur L., Miroshnikov, Mikhail, Schoetz, Theresa, John, George, and Messinger, Robert J.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C Aug 2022
  3. Performance Leap of Lithium Metal Batteries in LiPF6 Carbonate Electrolyte by a Phosphorus Pentoxide Acid Scavenger
    Zhang, Jian, Shi, Jiayan,  Gordon, Leo W., Shojarazavi, Nastaran, Wen, Xiaoyu, Zhao, Yifan, Chen, Jianjun, Su, Chi-Cheung, Messinger, Robert J., and Guo, Juchen
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces Aug 2022
  4. Soluble Electrolyte-Coordinated Sulfide Species Revealed in Al–S Batteries by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
    Jay, Rahul, Jadhav, Ankur L.,  Gordon, Leo W., and Messinger, Robert J.
    Chemistry of Materials May 2022
  5. Disentangling Faradaic, Pseudocapacitive, and Capacitive Charge Storage: A Tutorial for the Characterization of Batteries, Supercapacitors, and Hybrid Systems
    Schoetz, T.,  Gordon, L.W., Ivanov, S., Bund, A., Mandler, D., and Messinger, R.J.
    Electrochimica Acta May 2022